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What Is Type 2 Diabetes?


What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes—previously known as adult-onset or non–insulin-dependent diabetes—is a chronic and progressive condition that affects the way your body controls the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood.

Type 2 diabetes can be caused by changes in multiple organs and hormones in the body. Over time, these changes lead to high sugar (glucose) levels. Insulin is a hormone that transfers glucose from the blood into cells to produce the energy needed for daily activities. In people who have type 2 diabetes, insulin can’t do its job. That’s because too little insulin is produced to keep glucose levels normal, or the body fails to respond to it.

As part of this condition, other hormones—which help control the amount of glucose appearing in or being transferred from the blood—also don’t work the right way. This causes blood glucose levels to go up. These high glucose levels can get worse because the body increases the amount of glucose that is produced and the excess glucose is recirculated into the blood.

When you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, setting personal goals is the first step toward managing some of the many changes associated with this disease.


Learn how to set personal goals for managing type 2 diabetes

Fit2Me™ is a diet and lifestyle support program YOU design—YOUR WAY.
Find out about a program that fits you because it’s based on diet and lifestyle choices you make with your doctor’s help.


Keep your treatment plan on track
Get help managing your type 2 diabetes treatment plan by downloading the XIGDUO XR Progress Tracker.


Check out an offer for most patients to get XIGDUO XR for a $0* co-pay
*Eligible commercially insured patients can get XIGDUO XR for as low as $0 as long as their doctor prescribes it. Subject to eligibility and monthly savings limit. Restrictions apply. Not available for government-insured patients.